Tag Archives: Electors

2012 US Presidential Election, Electoral College, Electors, US Constitution, Federal Election Law, State Election Laws, State officers, State Election Officials, Judges, US Supreme Court Justices, Questions and answers

2012 US Presidential Election, Electoral College, Electors, US Constitution, Federal Election Law, State Election Laws, State officers, State Election Officials, Judges, US Supreme Court Justices, Questions and answers

“Our Constitution is in actual operation; everything appears to promise
that it will last; but nothing in this world is certain but death and
taxes.”     Benjamin Franklin

Reprinted from Citizen Wells December 13, 2008.

Presidential Election

ELECTORAL COLLEGE QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Q: What is the Electoral College?:

A: The Electoral College was established by the founding fathers
as a compromise between election of the president by Congress and
election by popular vote. The people of the United States vote for
the electors who then vote for the President. Read more

Q: Frequently asked questions:

A: Read more here

Q: Why did the Founding Fathers create the Electoral College?:

A:  The Founding Father’s intent

Here is a quote by Alexander Hamilton who, like many of the founding
fathers, was “afraid a tyrant could manipulate public opinion and come
to power.” Hamilton wrote in the Federalist Papers:

“It was equally desirable, that the immediate election should be made
by men most capable of analyzing the qualities adapted to the station,
and acting under circumstances favorable to deliberation, and to a
judicious combination of all the reasons and inducements which were
proper to govern their choice. A small number of persons, selected by
their fellow-citizens from the general mass, will be most likely to
possess the information and discernment requisite to such complicated
investigations. It was also peculiarly desirable to afford as little
opportunity as possible to tumult and disorder. This evil was not least
to be dreaded in the election of a magistrate, who was to have so
important an agency in the administration of the government as the
President of the United States. But the precautions which have been so
happily concerted in the system under consideration, promise an
effectual security against this mischief.”

Q: What are the state laws governing Electors?:

A: List of states and restrictions on Electors

Q: What are so called “Faithless Electors”?:

A: “The Supreme Court has held that the Constitution does not require
that electors be completely free to act as they choose and therefore,
political parties may extract pledges from electors to vote for the
parties’ nominees. Some State laws provide that so-called “faithless
electors” may be subject to fines or may be disqualified for casting
an invalid vote and be replaced by a substitute elector. The Supreme
Court has not specifically ruled on the question of whether pledges
and penalties for failure to vote as pledged may be enforced under
the Constitution. No elector has ever been prosecuted for failing to
vote as pledged.” Read more here

The US Supreme Court Obviously has not given Electors the option to
violate the US Constitution. Therefore, obviously, if the presidential
candidate is qualified, party pledges and state laws are permissable.

Q: What must an Elector be aware of when voting for a presidential candidate?:

 A: The following are important considerations when casting a vote. Voting
as instructed by a political party, another person, or a state law in
conflict with the US Constitution or Federal Election Laws is a serious
matter. Those not voting in accordance with higher laws are subject to
prosecution and may be guilty of “High Crimes and Misdemeanors.”
High Crimes and Misdemeanors

UNITED STATES ELECTION LAW

“The following provisions of law governing Presidential Elections are contained in Chapter 1 of Title 3, United States Code (62 Stat. 672, as amended):”

“§ 8.   The electors shall vote for President and Vice President, respectively, in the manner directed by the Constitution.”

ARE ELECTORS REQUIRED TO VOTE ACCORDING TO POPULAR VOTE?

“There is no Constitutional provision or Federal law that requires
electors to vote according to the results of the popular vote in
their States. Some States, however, require electors to cast their
votes according to the popular vote. These pledges fall into two
categories—electors bound by State law and those bound by pledges
to political parties.”   (From US National Archives)

SO CALLED “FAITHLESS ELECTORS”

“It turns out there is no federal law that requires an elector to
vote according to their pledge (to their respective party). And so,
more than a few electors have cast their votes without following the
popular vote or their party. These electors are called “faithless
electors.”

In response to these faithless electors’ actions, several states
have created laws to enforce an elector’s pledge to his or her party
vote or the popular vote. Some states even go the extra step to
assess a misdemeanor charge and a fine to such actions. For example,
the state of North Carolina charges a fine of $10,000 to faithless
electors.

It’s important to note, that although these states have created these
laws, a large number of scholars believe that such state-level laws
hold no true bearing and would not survive constitutional challenge.”
Read more here

STATE LAW EXAMPLE: PENNSYLVANIA

Ҥ 3192. Meeting of electors; duties.
The electors chosen, as aforesaid, shall assemble at the seat
of government of this Commonwealth, at 12 o’clock noon of the
day which is, or may be, directed by the Congress of the United
States, and shall then and there perform the duties enjoined upon
them by the Constitution and laws of the United States
.”

“The mysteries of the Electoral College has enabled Pennsylvania
to play an unusually major role in determining who is President.
In 1796, Thomas Jefferson defeated John Adams in Pennsylvania’s
popular election by only 62 votes, but the Pennsylvania electors
gave Jefferson 14 votes and Adams 1, though Adams did win the
Electoral vote, 71 to 68.” Read more here

ELECTORS HELPED SAVE THE UNION

1860 election: 4 electors in New Jersey, pledged for Stephen Douglas,
voted for Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln.

Q: What happens after the Electoral College vote?:

A: Electoral College procedures

Q: What is the significance of your vote?:

A: The US Constitution clearly gives the states the power
and duties associated with electing a qualified president.
It is also clear that the states have not performed their
duties to ensure that the Electoral College votes will be
for a Qualified candidate. The Electors have a constitutional
duty to perform that supersedes any party contract or state
law. Each day that passes without verification of eligibility
of any candidate being voted for by Electors, brings us closer
to a constitutional crisis. There are pending court cases before
the US Supreme Court and state courts. Congress will meet in
January to count and certify votes and there will certainly be
challenges in Congress. If Congress or the courts shall fail to
do their duty, a Supreme Court Justice will be faced with a
decision to uphold the Constitution. The crisis will increase
in intensity.

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the
Citizen Wells blog. Every effort has been made to ensure the
accuracy of the content. Readers are encouraged to visit source
material such as the US Constitution, Federal Election law and
state laws.

Advertisement

2008 US Presidential Election, Electoral College, Electors, US Constitution, Federal Election Law, State Election Laws, State officers, State Election Officials, Judges, US Supreme Court Justices, Democratic Disaster, Questions and answers

“Our Constitution is in actual operation; everything appears to promise
that it will last; but nothing in this world is certain but death and
taxes.”     Benjamin Franklin

Presidential Election

Electoral College Questions and Answers

Q: What is the Electoral College?:

A: The Electoral College was established by the founding fathers
as a compromise between election of the president by Congress and
election by popular vote. The people of the United States vote for
the electors who then vote for the President. Read more

Q: Frequently asked questions:

A: Read more here

Q: Why did the Founding Fathers create the Electoral College?:

A:  The Founding Father’s intent

Here is a quote by Alexander Hamilton who, like many of the founding
fathers, was “afraid a tyrant could manipulate public opinion and come
to power.” Hamilton wrote in the Federalist Papers:

“It was equally desirable, that the immediate election should be made
by men most capable of analyzing the qualities adapted to the station,
and acting under circumstances favorable to deliberation, and to a
judicious combination of all the reasons and inducements which were
proper to govern their choice. A small number of persons, selected by
their fellow-citizens from the general mass, will be most likely to
possess the information and discernment requisite to such complicated
investigations. It was also peculiarly desirable to afford as little
opportunity as possible to tumult and disorder. This evil was not least
to be dreaded in the election of a magistrate, who was to have so
important an agency in the administration of the government as the
President of the United States. But the precautions which have been so
happily concerted in the system under consideration, promise an
effectual security against this mischief.”

Q: What are the state laws governing Electors?:

A: List of states and restrictions on Electors

Q: What are so called “Faithless Electors”?:

A: “The Supreme Court has held that the Constitution does not require
that electors be completely free to act as they choose and therefore,
political parties may extract pledges from electors to vote for the
parties’ nominees. Some State laws provide that so-called “faithless
electors” may be subject to fines or may be disqualified for casting
an invalid vote and be replaced by a substitute elector. The Supreme
Court has not specifically ruled on the question of whether pledges
and penalties for failure to vote as pledged may be enforced under
the Constitution. No elector has ever been prosecuted for failing to
vote as pledged.” Read more here

The US Supreme Court Obviously has not given Electors the option to
violate the US Constitution. Therefore, obviously, if the presidential
candidate is qualified, party pledges and state laws are permissable.

Q: What must an Elector be aware of when voting for a presidential candidate?:

 A: The following are important considerations when casting a vote. Voting
as instructed by a political party, another person, or a state law in
conflict with the US Constitution or Federal Election Laws is a serious
matter. Those not voting in accordance with higher laws are subject to
prosecution and may be guilty of “High Crimes and Misdemeanors.”
High Crimes and Misdemeanors

UNITED STATES ELECTION LAW

“The following provisions of law governing Presidential Elections are contained in Chapter 1 of Title 3, United States Code (62 Stat. 672, as amended):”

“§ 8.   The electors shall vote for President and Vice President, respectively, in the manner directed by the Constitution.”

Are Electors required to vote according to Popular Vote?

“There is no Constitutional provision or Federal law that requires
electors to vote according to the results of the popular vote in
their States. Some States, however, require electors to cast their
votes according to the popular vote. These pledges fall into two
categories—electors bound by State law and those bound by pledges
to political parties.”   (From US National Archives)

So called “Faithless Electors”

“It turns out there is no federal law that requires an elector to
vote according to their pledge (to their respective party). And so,
more than a few electors have cast their votes without following the
popular vote or their party. These electors are called “faithless
electors.”

In response to these faithless electors’ actions, several states
have created laws to enforce an elector’s pledge to his or her party
vote or the popular vote. Some states even go the extra step to
assess a misdemeanor charge and a fine to such actions. For example,
the state of North Carolina charges a fine of $10,000 to faithless
electors.

It’s important to note, that although these states have created these
laws, a large number of scholars believe that such state-level laws
hold no true bearing and would not survive constitutional challenge.”
Read more here

State Law Example: Pennsylvania

Ҥ 3192. Meeting of electors; duties.
The electors chosen, as aforesaid, shall assemble at the seat
of government of this Commonwealth, at 12 o’clock noon of the
day which is, or may be, directed by the Congress of the United
States, and shall then and there perform the duties enjoined upon
them by the Constitution and laws of the United States
.”

“The mysteries of the Electoral College has enabled Pennsylvania
to play an unusually major role in determining who is President.
In 1796, Thomas Jefferson defeated John Adams in Pennsylvania’s
popular election by only 62 votes, but the Pennsylvania electors
gave Jefferson 14 votes and Adams 1, though Adams did win the
Electoral vote, 71 to 68.” Read more here

Electors helped save the Union

1860 election: 4 electors in New Jersey, pledged for Stephen Douglas,
voted for Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln.

Q: What happens after the Electoral College vote?:

A: Electoral College procedures

Q: What is the significance of your vote?:

A: The US Constitution clearly gives the states the power
and duties associated with electing a qualified president.
It is also clear that the states have not performed their
duties to ensure that the Electoral College votes will be
for a Qualified candidate. The Electors have a constitutional
duty to perform that supersedes any party contract or state
law. Each day that passes without verification of eligibility
of any candidate being voted for by Electors, brings us closer
to a constitutional crisis. There are pending court cases before
the US Supreme Court and state courts. Congress will meet in
January to count and certify votes and there will certainly be
challenges in Congress. If Congress or the courts shall fail to
do their duty, a Supreme Court Justice will be faced with a
decision to uphold the Constitution. The crisis will increase
in intensity.

If anyone has any further questions they can be asked on this
blog or go to:

http://www.democratic-disaster.com/


Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the
Citizen Wells blog. Every effort has been made to ensure the
accuracy of the content. Readers are encouraged to visit source
material such as the US Constitution, Federal Election law and
state laws.

Lightfoot v. Bowen, California lawsuit, Obama not eligible, Dr. Orly Taitz, Petition for Extraordinary Writ for Mandamus for Stay, Gail Lightfoot, Vice Presidential candidate, Ron Paul, co-Plaintiffs, Electors, Constitution Party, December 3, 2008

There is a new lawsuit before the California Supreme Court:

“Wednesday, December 3, 2008
Lightfoot v. Bowen: A new lawsuit
 
Today, December 3, 2008, Dr. Orly Taitz, DDS Esq filed a second lawsuit in the Supreme Court of California; Lightfoot v. Bowen. This is a “Petition for Extraordinary Writ for Mandamus for Stay”.

Orly hopes that the California Supreme Court will either issue an emergency stay of the voting of the electors, or decline to hear the case because it is a federal issue. Either way, Orly hopes that the California Supreme Court will make this pronouncement in a timely manner.

Anyone who is concerned about this issue and wishes to express their concern to the court can do so:

Interested parties cab contact the California Supreme Court by phone

213 830 7570 Main court number in Los Angeles

415-865-7060 (Chief Justice Ronald M. George in San Francisco)

(415) 865-7000 Main court number in San Francisco

or by FAX

415 865 7183 Main FAX number in San Francisco

to express their concern that this complaint be looked at in a timely matter.”

Dr. Orly Taitz website:

http://drorly.blogspot.com/2008/12/lightfoot-v-bowen-new-lawsuit.html

Here is the core of the allegations:

lightfootbo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

View the entire Petition here:

http://www.therightsideoflife.com/?p=1481

Obama born in Kenya, Obama Indonesian, Obama illegal alien, State election officials, Board of elections, Electors, US Constitution, Federal Election Laws, State Election Laws, Will Electoral College Electors vote for illegal alien?

Barack Obama was born in Kenya. Documented.

Barack Obama became an Indonesian citizen. Documented.

Barack Obama is an illegal alien. Documented.

No illegal alien has ever been on the US presidential ballot. Documented.

The US Constitution states the qualifications for president.

The US Constitution rules.

Federal Election Law: 

“The following provisions of law governing Presidential Elections are contained in Chapter 1 of Title 3, United States Code (62 Stat. 672, as amended):

§ 8.   The electors shall vote for President and Vice President, respectively, in the manner directed by the Constitution.”

State example: Pennsylvania Law

Ҥ 3192. Meeting of electors; duties.
The electors chosen, as aforesaid, shall assemble at the seat of government of this Commonwealth, at 12 o’clock noon of the day which is, or may be, directed by the Congress of the United States, and shall then and there perform the duties enjoined upon them by the Constitution and laws of the United States.”

Any state official, Governor, Lt Governor, Attorney General, Secretary
of State, Election Board Official. If you think you are absolved of
responsibility and are holding the DNC responsible, you are wrong. Many of you have sworn an oath to uphold the Constitution. You may be subject to impeachment, expulsion and legal action. You have a duty to the US Constitution and the people of your state.

State election officials from the Secretaries of State and Election Boards
have been quoted as saying they take their cue from the DNC for candidates
placed on the ballot. That does not absolve them of responsibility.
They are bound to uphold the Constitution. These officials have been
forewarned. It is their duty to ensure that no voter in their state
is disenfranchised.

Electoral College Electors, knowingly voting for an ineligible candidate, will be violating the Constitution.
Woe to anyone with election powers, clinging to tradition, and blaming
the DNC for not vetting Obama. You have no excuse and will be held accountable.

US Constitution, Federal Election Laws, State Election Laws

Obama ineligible, Obama born in Kenya, Obama Indonesian, US Constitution, States, Secretary of State, Board of Elections, Electors, States must uphold US Constitution, 2008 Election

“In late December 1783, when General Washington resigned as commander in chief, he visited the Continental Congress for the last time…. General Washington read a brief statement praising the officers and soldiers of the Continental Army for their eight years of service. He also commended “our dear country to the protection of Almighty God.” As he said these words, his voice broke and tears streamed down the general’s cheeks and he was unable to speak for a full minute.”

From “Washington’s Secret War” by Thomas Fleming

“The collective wisdom of the founding fathers astounds me.”

Citizen Wells 

2008 Presidential Election

  States must uphold US Constitution

  

 

The DNC, Howard Dean, Nancy Pelosi, et al ramroded Obama through the
DNC Convention and nomination.

Obama stole the nomination from Hillary Clinton. Documented evidence
reveals widespread voter fraud involving Acorn and the Obama camp in
the primaries and general election.

Barack Obama is not eligible to be president. He was born in Kenya and
became an Indonesian citizen. Obama is still Indonesian and is an illegal alien. There is ample proof of this and more is being revealed. Obama has failed to repudiate these facts.

Election officials and Electors in all 50 states and DC will be held
accountable to uphold the US Constitution
.

The Philip J Berg lawsuit will be taken to the Supreme court if necessary. Lawsuits are constrained by the level of proof placed on the plaintiff.
However, there is no such standard for those bound to uphold the
Constitution. Those swearing an oath of allegiance to the Constitution are being forewarned that with the oath comes a responsibility  and a higher level of recourse for violation of that oath. Consider the following:

High Crimes and Misdemeanors

Citizen Wells will be contacting the secretary of state or commonwealth
in all states and will email the following article that reveals the duties to uphold the Constitution:

US Constitution, Federal Election Laws, State Election Laws 

Each state will be notified of the article and the fact that they will be
held accountable. Taking their cue from the Democratic party or other
excuses will not be accepted. Each person sworn to uphold the Constitution will be personally held accountable. Citizen Wells also urges the citizens of each state to make known their desire to uphold the Constitution.

Below is a list of the 50 states and DC. As each state is contacted, this
article will be updated. Please comment with your information and concerns
about your state election officials and electors.

Alabama Emailed 10/27/08

Alaska Email 10/27/08

Arizona Email 10/28/08

Arkansas Email 10/27/08

California Email 10/27/08

Colorado Email 10/27/08

Connecticut Email 10/27/08

Delaware Email 10/28/08

Florida Telephone/email 10/27/08, Florida response – see comment below

Georgia Email 10/28/08

Hawaii Email 10/27/08

Idaho Email 10/27/08

Illinois

Indiana Email 10/28/08

Iowa Email 10/28/08

Kansas Email 10/28/08

Kentucky Email 10/28/08

Louisiana Email 10/28/08

Maine Email 10/28/08

Maryland Email 10/28/08

Massachusetts Email 10/28/08

Michigan Email 10/28/08

Minnesota Email 10/27/08

Mississippi Email 10/28/08

Missouri Email 10/27/08

Montana Email 10/28/08

Nebraska Email 10/28/08

Nevada Email 10/28/08

New Hampshire Email 10/28/08

New Jersey Email 10/28/08

New Mexico Email 10/27/08

New York Email 10/28/08

North Carolina Telephone/email 10/27/08

North Dakota Email 10/28/08

Ohio Email 10/28/08

Oklahoma Email 10/28/08

Oregon Email 10/28/08

Pennsylvania Telephone/email 10/27/08

Rhode Island Email 10/28/08

South Carolina Email 10/28/08

South Dakota Email 10/28/08

Tennessee Email 10/28/08

Texas Email 10/28/08

Utah Email 10/28/08

Vermont Email 10/28/08

Virginia    

Washington Email 10/28/08

West Virginia Email 10/28/08

Wisconsin Email 10/27/08

Wyoming Email 10/28/08

Dictrict of Columbia

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

Obama not eligible to be president, US Constitution, Obama born in Kenya, Obama is Indonesian, Secretary of State, Board of elections, Electors, Accountable, Uphold Constitution, Citizen Wells to American public

“Our Constitution is in actual operation; everything appears to promise
that it will last; but nothing in this world is certain but death and
taxes.”

Benjamin Franklin

“A strict observance of the written laws is doubtless one of the high
duties of a good (officer), but it is not the highest. The laws of
necessity, of self-preservation, of saving our country when in danger,
are of higher obligation.”

Thomas Jefferson

“The ballot is stronger than the bullet.”

Abraham Lincoln

Up to this point, the political parties and the individual states have been in control of the election process. The state boards of elections, in conjunction  with the major political parties have controlled which candidates will be on the ballots. However, the US Constitution still rules and just beneath that the Federal election laws rule. The states have control over their respective elections and electors, but are still governed by federal law.

Several weeks ago, Citizen Wells contacted the NC State Board of Elections.
After a brief phone call dominated by the Board of Elections staff member,
Citizen Wells was told that they had been aware of the Philip J Berg
lawsuit for several months and that they took their cue from the
Democratic Party regarding Obama’s eligibility. Once again, the US
Constitution rules and we will hold the NC State Board of Elections
accountable.

Once the individual state electors meet on December 15, 2008, the Federal
Government takes control of the process. Lawsuits in courts require
the burden of proof on the part of the plaintiff. This burden is not necessary
for those charged with upholding and defending the Constitution.
Consider the following:

Both John McCain and Barack Obama are US Senators. When they took office they spoke the following pledge:

“I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office on which I am about to enter: So help me God.”

UNITED STATES ELECTION LAW

“The following provisions of law governing Presidential Elections are contained in Chapter 1 of Title 3, United States Code (62 Stat. 672, as amended):”

“§ 8.   The electors shall vote for President and Vice President, respectively, in the manner directed by the Constitution.”

Pennsylvania Law

Ҥ 3192. Meeting of electors; duties.
The electors chosen, as aforesaid, shall assemble at the seat of government of this Commonwealth, at 12 o’clock noon of the day which is, or may be, directed by the Congress of the United States, and shall then and there perform the duties enjoined upon them by the Constitution and laws of the United States.”

NC Law

“At the first meeting held after new appointments are made, the members of the State Board of Elections shall take the following oath:

“I, __________, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support the Constitution of the United States; that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to the State of North Carolina, and to the constitutional powers and authorities which are or may be established for the government thereof; that I will endeavor to support, maintain and defend the Constitution of said State, and that I will well and truly execute the duties of the office of member of the State Board of Elections according to the best of my knowledge and ability, according to law, so help me, God.””
“§ 163-114.  Filling vacancies among party nominees occurring after nomination and before election.

If any person nominated as a candidate of a political party for one of the offices listed below (either in a primary or convention or by virtue of having no opposition in a primary) dies, resigns, or for any reason becomes ineligible or disqualified before the date of the ensuing general election, the vacancy shall be filled by appointment according to the following instructions:
Position

President 

Vacancy is to be filled by appointment of national executive
committee of political party in which vacancy occurs”

This is not a situation where Obama is on trial and the burden of proof is on the prosecutor.

The government of the US has not filed a lawsuit with the burden of proof placed on the plaintiff.

Barack Obama is running for the office of president of the US, This is no different than applying for any other job involving competition.
As in any other situation involving a job application, the burden of
proof regarding qualification to hold office, falls on Obama. The
rules are spelled out in the US Constitution. The preponderance of
evidence reveals that Obama was born in Kenya, became an Indonesian
citizen and is in fact an illegal alien. Those who choose to ignore
these facts and allow Obama to proceed are violating the law and
will be held accountable.

Regardless of how the Philip J Berg lawsuit plays out, the US Constitution
must be upheld. Many people involved in the election process are
charged with upholding the US Constitution and will be held accountable.
This article will be emailed to the Secretary of State in each state
after a phone call to explain that the citizens are watching them. The
individual electors will also be held accountable. The Citizen Wells
blog will also create an accountability page for each state and will
provide feedback on how each state cooperates with the letter and spirit
of the Constitution.

I urge all of you to contact your Secretary of State and Board of Elections
in your state. Let them know you do not want an illegal alien on the
ballot or voted for by state electors. While you are at it, let them
know that voter fraud will not be tolerated. Let us know about the level
of concern and cooperation in your state.

The Philip J Berg lawsuit Timeline can be accessed at the top of this blog.